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69th Independence day of Pakistan

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69th Independence day of Pakistan
69th Independence day of Pakistan

Kathmandu, August 14, 2015: To celebrate the 69th Independence Day of Pakistan a special program was held at the Embassy of Pakistan today.

Pakistani Ambassador to Nepal Arshad Saud Khosa raised the national flag of Pakistan on the occasion.

President of Pakistan Mamnoon Hussain and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif read out messages of best wishes to Pakistani people on the occasion.

The function was attended by Pakistani citizens in Nepal for work and other business, the Embassy staffers and well-wishers, and media persons.

Background:

 

In the most of the nineteenth century, the area consisting Pakistan was anciently a part of the British India Empire. Beginning their trade in South Asia in 17th century, the East India Company started ruling from 1757 when they were victorious in the Battle of Plassey.  The Government of India Act 1858 led way to the British Crown assuming direct control over much of the Indian Subcontinent and this was all after  the Indian Rebellion of 1857. In 1906 at Dhaka, All India Muhammadan Educational Conference founded All-India Muslim League, in the context of the situations that were generated over the division of Bengal in 1905 and the party visioned creating a separate Muslim state.

Such as the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms, the time  after World War I was clearly noticeable by British reforms, but the process of passing legislation of the repressive Rowlatt Act was witnessed and Indian Activists called for self-rule. Nationwide violence free movements of non-cooperation and civil disobedience were seen as the result of extensive spread  of discontent of this period. In December 1930, Allama Iqbal introduced the idea for a separate religion-based state  in his speech as the President of the Muslim League. Three years later, in the decision made by Choudhary Rahmant Ali , the name “Pakistan” as the name of a separate state was proposed.

In the 1940s, as the Indian independence movement gathered strength, powerful movement of Muslim nationalism directed by the All-India Muslim League took place, of which Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the most important leader. In the Indian independence movement, being a political party, the Muslim League played a vital  role during the 1940s to save the interests of the Muslim in British India and it developed into the driving force behind the creation of Pakistan as a Muslim state in the South Asia. From 22–24 March 1940, a official political statement was presented known as the Lahore Resolution in time period of three-day widespread session of All-India Muslim League which summoned on for the creation of an independent state for Muslims.

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