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Education reform in Nepal


While thinking of word education first thing that strikes is that it is the process of gaining knowledge. Education is the cornerstone of economic and social development. It gives us better understand towards this world and furnishes our perspectives towards life. A literate person usually have a concrete view point and can interpret things well.

Now talking about the education system of Nepal in present, we have many schools, colleges and universities which is proving students with quality education. But this wasn’t the case in years behind. In 1835, the establishment of the Durbar School had marked the beginning of formal schooling in Nepal. Before that education was discouraged because during Rana regime (1846 – 1951 AD) if public would have the access to education people would be aware of autocracy regime they were practicing and stand against it. In 1950, there were only 321 primary schools and 9,000 students enrolled. After Rana oligarchy came to end, a number of initiatives had been launched for academic growth.

Till 1951, the education system in Nepal wasn’t well established. The adult literacy rate was said to be only five percent. Then slowly with the passing time, things changed, importance of education was realized and government started talking initiative towards the establishment of education sector. Then by 2010, Nepal had around 49,000 schools and by 2015, literacy rate increased to 63.9 percent.

In context of Nepal, in past Sanskrit language was emphasized in schools and lecture time but now English language has become superior to our mother tongue just to meet the standard of developed countries education. The history behind this is when Jung Bahadur Kunwar traveled to UK and couldn’t speak English, he felt humiliated and affirmed “aru kura na sikau tara afno chora lai angrezi bolna sikau”. Its literal meaning in English is that even if you don’t teach your children anything, teach your son English. This statement made English language superior than out native language and Sanskrit language that we had been practicing since long and it carried a higher status and prestige.

However, slowly and gradually, Nepali education system is escalating to meet the international education level. Before, while education was limited inside the four walls of the classroom and textbook, now schools and colleges are taking children for educational tour, industrial visits and more and tours insuring they have an encounter with the real word and how things work. To be able to compete to the world having interpersonal skills in essential, which has been given attention to.

Hence other positive changes in the Nepali education system is still on its way.